This document is meant to be used as a guideline. It is by no means a complete listing of everything that can be done to ensure a site is the most visible, has the best page ranking on Google, etc.; however, everything in this document will contribute to that end.
Your Website Goals: Brochure vs Lead Generation
Websites serve multiple purposes. While a smaller, mostly static brochure style website mainly exists to provide a presence on the internet, lead generation sites actively promote the business.
- A brochure site is essentially just an online brochure. It is there to provide information about your business and services, offer contact options, show off a portfolio, etc. It is an excellent starting point for a business that wants to establish that online presence but doesn’t intend to actively – or aggressively – update content or attract new business – at least not immediately.
- While social media plays a large role, a lead generation website exists to take an active part in promoting the business. While it can start small or as a brochure site, it can grow into dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of pages.
- The business’s active and consistent participation can be conservative to aggressive, but the more work that’s put into a site by the site owner or designated individual, the more the customer (or potential customer) is served. This is essential to visibility of the site and the acquisition of new business.
- As frequently as possible, content is updated or new content is added, often through writing blog articles or offering promotions, and most of the content is geared toward the customer and how the business can serve that customer.
- New and useful content drives the site and its ranking in the search engines and is essential to growing visibility.
- Building a lead generation site involves, among other things, leading the consumer through the site through calls to action which drives them toward purchasing a product or service, signing up for more information, or contacting the business.
While both types of sites can sell online, it is the lead generation site that requires constant tending in order to promote new products or services, gain new clientele, and generally grow the business.
How It Works
Organic Listings (or natural listings) are search engine results directly presented because of the user’s search query. Their position on the page is determined by the site’s relevance to the search terms.
When people “Google,” that is, when they type in something to search for, the search engines take the single keywords or keyword phrases entered and match them to the most relevant sites for those keywords. They do it by “crawling the web” with what are called “bots” or “spiders” – what are essentially automated programs. These search spiders look for several things including the in-page code (the underlying code that creates what you see in your browser) such as alternate text for images, meta tags for page description, title tags, etc. It also notes changes to existing or new content and broken links.
Paid Listings which display at the top and to the side of organic listings are ads that occur because they are 1) relevant to the search and 2) are paid to be shown – their display position is based on the keywords assigned to it and the amount bid for each click. Google now labels all paid listings.
Google AdWords, which are Pay Per Click ads, are an excellent way to target an audience looking for something specific. You can set a monthly cap or use other criteria to determine the amount you spend on advertising. Google Ad setup can walk you through some of the best options for a higher listing, including estimating the best amount for CPC (cost per click) for your ad.
Pay Per Click means that you only pay when your ad is clicked on. If you set a monthly cap of $50 on an ad campaign, the ad will stop showing once that ceiling is reached.
The most important searchable aspect of a website is the actual copy – the text on each page. It is not just important for the search engines, but it is primarily the most important feature for people searching. In Google’s own words: “Google's aim is to give our users the most valuable and relevant search results.”
The copy on each page of the website should be grammatically correct, well-written information that is relevant to the page and engaging for the visitor. Keywords should be used in such a way as to enhance the copy and inform the reader. Write copy not for the search engines, but for your clients and potential clients.
Title Tags - Optimal Length: 60 - 70 CHARACTERS
Each page’s title tag should be unique to the page, though it is always best practice to keep the brand name in the title tag along with the primary keyword for the page. Keep it to between 60 – 70 characters. (Remember to include spaces.)
Description Tags - Optimal Length: 50 - 300 CHARACTERS
Descriptions pull from page copy to display on Google if there are no description tags specifically written for a page. Setting the description tag with your own copy ensures that you control exactly what the viewer sees in a search listing. Descriptions (which are specific to the page) should be between 50 – 300 characters including spaces. Search engine displays vary, but by adhering to the general rule, you ensure your copy doesn’t get cut off.
When you create content for your site, your goal should be to write intelligent, grammatically correct, relevant copy.
When you write your text, you should consider keywords. It is likely you will naturally add relevant words and phrases, but by thinking of your audience and what search terms they might enter when they “Google,” this will help you write more search-friendly copy.
Additionally, write what is relevant to each page within your site. Narrow down the essence of the page and write unique, engaging copy. If the page is featuring doorknobs, focus the writing on that and particularly on what you have that people may want from a doorknob and what may set you and your doorknobs apart from others.
Often a brochure-type (mostly static) site will not necessarily separate all they have to offer on multiple pages. In this case, a single page full of content about multiple and diverse services is acceptable; however, it should be logically arranged.
The more keywords that are used, intelligently and relevantly without overdoing it (see Keyword Stuffing below), the better. Still the ultimate goal is not to write for the search engines. Write for the user.
In your search for keywords, ideally, you’re looking for relevance (words and phrases that describe the product or service on the page you are writing for) and low competition. Competition refers to the number of sites that are using that same keyword or keyword phrase. Consider, also, not just one- or two-word key phrases. The "long tail keyword" typically describes a phrase of 3 to 5 keywords which you might develop to refine traffic to your site. While a long phrase may not generate as much traffic, it will generate much more specific results.
With regard to advertising, this, in turn, reduces your pay per click cost, and by focusing on a less competitive, more specific term, you increase your chance to convert that click to a sale.
Landing Pages are pages which have a singular and unique purpose: to offer a specific product or service or to attract a visitor to sign up or register for something. For example, a Google Ad might promote a new product, service, or a sale. The click on that ad would direct the visitor to the specific landing page where they can take advantage of it.
Also, quite important in determining a listing position are not only on-page, internal linking, but external linking factors (backlinks: links to your site from other sites).
The more links from other places back to your website, the more visible you are. Google places more importance on relevant, high quality sites with links going back to you. The operative idea here is relevance and high quality. Taken directly from Google’s page:
“The quantity, quality, and relevance of links count towards your rating. The sites that link to you can provide context about the subject matter of your site and can indicate its quality and popularity.”
Link building, as Google explains “is a long-term effort.”
You can’t successfully build a link campaign overnight and expect it to do any good. If you could, everybody would be on page one.
Examples of good linking:
- Inbound links from a site that has relevance to yours with information that enhances your own and vice versa.
- Not all links are created equal:
- Links from high ranking and well-respected sites
- For obvious reasons, a link to your page from the New York Times website has more quality than from a pornographic site or “link farm.”
- A one-way (quality) link to your site is a ringing endorsement
Write content on your page worthy of linking to:
- Create a FAQ or Knowledgebase on your site that answers questions in and around your topic.
- Create a blog and offer useful information that you can update regularly.
A domain name is the human-readable internet address of websites. It is a translation of IP numbers to words such as google.com that is associated with an Internet Protocol (IP) address (i.e. 184.108.40.206). In choosing a domain name, you should consider several factors:
Also, consider possible confusion with domain names that are too similar. example.com and examples.com are two completely different locations that can be easily confused.
The addition of a keyword into a domain name can be helpful, but you want to avoid the look of spam which Google frowns on. A domain like example-monterey-salinas-carmel-cheap.com is an obviously spammy attempt to acquire search engine traffic through location-based keywords.
The following is from moz.com:
“Ideally, webmasters should strike a balance between finding a catchy, unique, brand-friendly domain name and having a domain that contains keywords they are trying to target. The benefit of a keyword-rich domain is two-fold. First, the domain name itself is a ranking factor that the engines consider when calculating ranking order. Second, having relevant keywords in a domain name is beneficial because the domain name is the text that other Internet users will use as anchor text when linking. Since keywords in anchor text are an important ranking factor, having these keywords in a domain name can have a positive impact on ranking.”
Multiple Domain Names
Is pointing multiple domains to a single website beneficial for SEO or not? Whether it's a domain that varies in keywords or whether it's multiple TLD's* of the same domain name, there is really no benefit to SEO. The only times it is of benefit is:
- when these domains are set up as landing pages WITH UNIQUE CONTENT that then link to the main domain
- if the additional domains are being purchased in order to protect the brand
- if the domain previously had content and it is now being redirected in order to preserve some of the link juice
*A TLD is Top Level Domain: .com, .net, .org – all these extensions are known as TLDs.
If multiple domains are purchased and there is no intent to create unique landing pages or sites, then a 301-permanent redirect* is what should be used to point to the main domain name.
*A 301 Permanent Redirect is code that tells the search engines that “this is not a fly-by-night scheme to redirect a page” – that it is permanent and meaningful.
Social Media Management
It’s a chore, but if your goal is to be more visible and to rise in the search engine listings, some form of social networking must be done. A few examples of networks to join are LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram…
Blogging is an essential component of a lead generation website and is essential to the visibility and exposure of your business. If you have anything at all to say about some component of your business – announcements, advice you might give or commentary that may be helpful or interesting to your audience – a blog can help you perform this function. Constantly updated, interesting and relevant content is good for the public and your search engine exposure.
- Set up a Google Account where you can begin a PPC (pay-per-click) advertising campaign with AdWords.
- Consider submitting your website into sites that offer free business listings. Yelp, etc.
- It is likely a default listing for your business will be created automatically on a multitude of sites. You have the option to claim these businesses as your own in order to refine or correct information; however, there may be limitations if you don’t pay them a fee.
- Yelp can be a double-edged sword. You have to be open to the possibility of bad reviews. While there is nothing you can do to remove reviews, you can and should be prepared to respond to them with A+ customer service.
- Facebook and Twitter also have PPC advertising capabilities.
Often termed Black Hat or Gray Hat SEO, the practice describes manipulating how your site is perceived by internet users and the search engines in order to boost page ranking and attract more website “hits.” (While Black Hat is the blatantly illegitimate and illegal use of optimization tactics, Gray Hat is somewhat less obvious and may avoid search engine penalties, but it is still recognized as improper.) Search engines may ban you from the search index if they find you are abusing the system and the internet user by practicing unscrupulous methods of search engine optimization (SEO). These are just a few examples of techniques to avoid:
Which means if you sell donuts, you do NOT write copy like this: “Our donuts are the best donuts of all the donuts and non-donuts in the world. Taste our donuts - dollars to donuts, you'll think they're the best donuts, too."
If your site sells donuts, don’t fill your copy with irrelevant search terms simply to attract people searching on particular words or phrases. e.g., iPhone, Brad Pitt, etc. If it’s a natural comparison or legitimate reference, this is fine, but there should be at least a tangential relationship to your donuts.
This is a way of stuffing a page with highly searchable terms and then redirecting the user through the underlying code to your target page. Don’t confuse this with a solid, information filled landing page.
Don’t let an unscrupulous SEO “expert” bait you into paying for placing your link into a link farm. They won’t call it a link farm, but you have to be aware of what it is before you can recognize it. A link farm is a page or website or multiple websites that lists link after link after link in no order or relationship to each other or the website. It is solely used to generate inbound links.
The consequences of being listed on a link farm could be page rank suspension or removal from the search engine index – sometimes manually by Google and without notification. Worst case scenario: penalized for the life of the domain.
The Beginning of SEO for your site
Start simple. The foundation is the key to how long your house will stand.
- Make sure your site is mobile-friendly, user-friendly, and easy to navigate.
- Repair broken links.
- Make sure your site works in multiple browsers. If it only looks right in Internet Explorer 6 then something is very, very wrong.
- Make sure each page has relevant content using quality keywords and key phrases and that it targets the specific page as much as possible.
- Can you add other pages that people would be interested in? Can you add a FAQ? A blog?
- If it's a sufficiently large site, consider incorporating a site map into your site.
- Have the title tags, description tags and alt tags in your images been filled out? Does each page have a unique title tag?
- Install a website statistics app and/or Google Analytics. This will help you determine where your visitors are coming from and where they're going on your site.
The Bottom Line About SEO
There is no magic bullet for getting your site listed on page one – or even on page ten. Your website – much like your garden and your business as an entity – requires tending, coaxing, and tweaking. Legitimate advertising coupled with quality of service and of content will help build a reputation for your site and in turn your business.